Possible Funding Areas

Type of possible intervention by NGOs and CBOs within the Relevant GEF-SGP Focal Areas

Focal Area General focus Specific Examples
A: Biodiversity
1. Conservation of Alpine and Sub-alpine Ecosystem
Projects will focus on the conservation and sustainable use of endemic biodiversity that is threatened by increased pressure from more intensified land use and desertification. 1.1 Strategic intervention to rehabilitate degraded areas in and around communities, e.g. restoration of native fodder species/ vegetative cover which are crucial to pastoral economies.
1.2 Community-based approaches to the conservation of natural habitats and ecosystems in and around conservation and protected areas.
2. Fresh Water Ecosystem Projects will concentrate on the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity in wetland ecosystems. 2.1 Establishment of local community institutions to regulate access and use of wetland based resources.
2.2 promotion of wetland based tourism.
3. Forest Ecosystems Projects will support sustainable community- based activities in forest conservation areas, including protected areas. 3.1 Development of ecologically sustainable eco-tourism schemes.
3.2 Promotion of sustainable production and use of non timber forest products.
3.3 Provision of alternative livelihoods for local and indigenous communities residing in buffer zones of globally significant biodiversity areas.
4. Mountain Ecosystems Project will address the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity in areas under increasing human pressure and imminent threat of degradation. 4.1 Promotion of sustainable land use practices on mountain slopes.
4.2 Rehabilitation of mountain slopes as a means of promoting local agro-biodiversity through the incorporation of traditional/ terracing and water management approaches.
Cross-Cutting themes
5. Capacity building and training
5.1 PRA training among NGOs, CBOs and communities to develop action plans or proposals for biodiversity conservation related activities.
5.2 Institutional strengthening among intermediary NGOs and CBOs that present comparative advantages in being used to service other NGOs or CBOs.
6. Information generation, dissemination and utilization. 6.1 Targeted research for biodiversity conservation. 6.2 Newsletter and documentary video production and NGO networking on matters of biodiversity conservation.
B. Climate Change
7.Removing barriers to energy conservation and energy efficiency
7.1 Energy audits of homes, buildings, hotels, and factories linked to advocacy and training about energy efficient responses.
7.2 Capacity-building and awareness-raising activities about energy efficiency.
8. Promoting the adoption of renewable energy by removing barriers and reducing implementation costs 8.1 Solar lighting, water heating and pumping.
8.2 Wind energy for water pumping and electrification
8.3 Biogas systems and Bio-latrines
8.4 Recycling urban waste
8.5 Bio-energy from agricultural waste
8.6 Biomass combustion in sawmills, etc.
8.7 Alternative to slash and burn
8.8 Improved Cookstoves.
C. International Waters
9. Waterbody-based program
Projects address the priority transboundary environmental concerns that exist in a specific waterbody, such as a transboundary river basin. 9.1 Support for capacity-building and technical assistance for species and habitat conservation in fishing communities faced with biodiversity loss of critical lake species.
9.2 Small-scale demonstrations of approaches to reducing transboundry pollutant flows at local level.
10 Integrated land and water multiple focal area. 10.1 Watershed management activities.
10.2 Reforestation of international riverine systems and lake basins.
10.3 Prevention of soil erosion and siltation near international rivers and lakes.
11 Contaminant- based programme 11.1 Reduction of industrial waste dumping by promoting reuse and recycling.
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